How Letter of Intents Are Used in Business Acquisitions. A letter of intent (LOI) is a written document that outlines the key terms and conditions of an agreement which will form the basis of a contract, prior to it being finalized. LOI's are typically drafted by a buyer and express their serious interest to enter into a business transaction and continue the discovery further.
Academic: In the academic world a letter of intent is known as a Statements of Purpose and is part of the application process. Real estate: Often times there are properties that are not listed on the MLS or with a realtor. It is at these times that a letter of intent can be used to let the owner of the house know that a potential buyer exists and thus the process of buying and selling the house may begin.