Merger and Acquisitions Series _ Non_Binding Letter of Intent. One of the first steps in the merger and acquisition ("M&A") process after executing a confidentiality agreement ("Confi") or non_disclosure agreement ("NDA") is the issuance of a non binding letter of intent. A letter of intent, referred to as the "LOI", is a legal document that is provided to show interest in progressing with a transaction, such as to purchase, joint venture or merger.
Many a time, especially in a case involving a supposed seller who is either a fake seller or does not actually have the supposed crude in hand yet, or, an unscrupulous aspiring seller's agent or broker who actually has not acquired a crude supplier (seller) yet, buyers may issue an LOI only to find out that there is no seller on the other end. This happens a lot in situations where you have an hungry agent or facilitator who is still struggling to get a real supplier, and by extracting this LOI from an unsuspecting buyer, this facilitator can commit the buyer only for him then to start hustling to find a seller or supplier.